Islamic New Year and the different calendars around the world |  Infographic News

Islamic New Year and the different calendars around the world | Infographic News

The arrival of the new crescent moon marks the beginning of the year 1444 in the Islamic lunar calendar.

30th July is the Islamic – or Hijri – New Year’s Day and marks the beginning of the year 1444.

The Hijri calendar, derived from the Arabic word “Hijra,” is named after the Prophet Muhammad’s migration from Mecca to Medina more than 1,400 years ago.

The 12 Hijri calendar months are determined by the sighting of the new moon. The first month is Muharram and the last is Dhul-Hijjah.

The Hijri calendar is used to mark important dates for Muslims such as the start of the fasting month of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr at the end and the start of the Hajj pilgrimage and Eid al-Adha.

INTERACTIVE - WHAT IS THE ISLAMIC CALENDAR?
(Al Jazeera)

How old are you according to the Hijri calendar?

A Hijri month alternates between 29 and 30 days. This makes a Hijri year about 11 days shorter than Gregorian, with a year being 354-355 days.

So your Hijri age may be different from your Gregorian age. How to calculate it:

  • If you are under 16: Your Hijri age is equal to your Gregorian age
  • If you are between 16 and 48 years old: Add one year to your current Gregorian age
  • If you are between 49 and 81 years old: Add two years to your age
  • If you are older than 81 years: Add three years to your age
INTERACTIVE - WHAT IS YOUR HIJRI AGE?
(Al Jazeera)

Other calendars around the world

Many religions and cultures use calendars other than the Gregorian – which is the most widely used calendar today.

The Gregorian calendar was introduced by Pope Gregory XIII in October 1582. introduced as a modification of the Julian calendar, named after Julius Caesar, the leader of ancient Rome.

The Gregorian and Julian calendars are both 12-month solar calendars based on the time it takes for the earth to rotate around the sun – just over 365 days.

Other types of calendars include the lunar, lunisolar, and fixed calendars.

A lunar year consists of 12 lunar months, each of which measures the time it takes for the moon to cycle through its phases i.e. new moon, crescent moon and full moon.

A lunar month is approximately 29.5 days and a lunar year is approximately 354 days. This means that every 33 years there is a one-year lag between the solar and lunar calendars.

A lunisolar year includes both lunar and solar properties, with the year broken down according to the lunar phases but adjusted to correlate with the length of the solar cycle. Lunisolar calendars include the Buddhist, Chinese, Hindu, Jewish, Korean and Tibetan calendars.

INTERACTIVE - Different types of calendars
(Al Jazeera)

Other New Years celebrations this year

The following dates are some New Years Eve from different religions and cultures in 2022.

Gregorian New Year – The Gregorian calendar begins on January 1st every year and is currently in 2022.

lunar new year – Also known as Chinese New Year. This calendar uses a lunisolar system. The New Year is marked on January 22nd and China usually celebrates for 15 days. 2022 is the year of the dog in the Chinese calendar.

Sikh New Year – The Nanakshahi calendar derives its name from the founder of Sikhism, Guru Nanak. The New Year is marked on March 14th.

Persian New Year – Also known as Nowruz. The Persian calendar is a solar calendar with the new year beginning on March 21st.

Hindu New Year – Is on April 1st and is based on the Vikram-Samvat lunisolar calendar used throughout the Indian subcontinent. It is usually 57 years ahead of the Gregorian calendar.

Thai New Year – Also known as Songkran, this is Thailand’s largest annual festival and is celebrated on April 13th every year. It follows a solar calendar system.

jewish new year – The traditional Jewish lunar calendar begins on Rosh Hashanah. This year it is observed on September 25, but the date varies depending on the Jewish months.

INTERACTIVE - NEW YEARS AROUND THE WORLD
(Al Jazeera)

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